Low Emission Zones Update

Low Emission Zones Update's Tags

Tags related to this article

Low Emission Zones Update

Published 27 noviembre 2018

Changes to the London Low Emission Zone, as well as the introduction of similar zones in other cities, have the potential to impact on claims, particularly fraud claims.  As part of our horizon scanning process, we have assessed this impact and outlined our findings

Background - London Low Emission Zones

We previously issued an alert (published on our website on 11/05/2018) regarding the London-wide Low Emission Zone (LEZ), proposals for an Ultra-Low Emission Zone (ULEZ), effective from 8 April 2019, and for an expansion of the ULEZ from central London to inner London up to (but not including) the North and South Circular roads in October 2021. We also looked at possible effects of the tightening of emission standards, increased charges and expansion of the low emission zones on motor claims.

The following postcode areas will be affected by the ULEZ proposed for 2021:

Postcode Area

These postcode areas can be broken down

into approximately 150 postcode districts

and 700 postcode sectors that will be either

fully or partially affected.


We have produced a full list of postcode districts and sectors for the proposed 2021 ULEZ. Please contact us for further information.

New Developments

Hackney and Islington councils have introduced an ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV) scheme in September 2018 in the centre of London, currently affecting a small number of streets in the "EC2A 4" and "EC2A 3" postcode sectors; any combustion vehicle entering the areas in peak times (excluding residents and local businesses), will receive a £130 Penalty Charge Notice. The so-called ULEV streets will be in operation Monday to Friday, 7-10am and 4-7pm. It is likely that similar Low Emission Neighbourhoods (LENs) will be introduced in other cities in the future in an attempt to tackle pollution.

Zone 1 Zone 2
Other Cities

Birmingham is set to become the second city in Britain to introduce a low emissions zone (CAZ). City councillors have approved proposals for a large Clean Air Zone (CAZ) within (but not on) the A4540 middle ring road. Charges are likely to be imposed from January 2020.

Birmingham is one of five city councils that have been mandated to introduce Clean Air Zones as part of the governments Air Quality Plan by 2020. The other councils are Leeds, Nottingham, Derby and Southampton. Charges are likely, but rules can vary from council to council.

Other cities are likely to follow. Glasgow, in fact, is introducing a low emission zone by the end of this year, although it will initially only affect buses in the centre of the city.

Who is affected?

The introduction of tighter Euro 6 (diesel) and Euro VI standards will mean that cars, vans and minibuses with diesel engines registered before 2015, as well as HGVs, buses and coaches registered before 2014 are likely to be non-compliant.

An estimated 100,000 cars, 35,000 vans and 3,000 lorries will be affected by the expanded zone and new standards:

  • Almost 19,000 HGVs registered in Greater London are estimated to be non-compliant.
  • In Birmingham, an estimated 2000 taxis (private hire cars/ hackney carriages) would fail the proposed emissions test.

It is expected that this will have a negative impact on motor claims. Based on our analysis of previous data, we anticipate increases in disposal of these affected vehicles.  This is likely to result in increased first party and some third party claims including thefts, accidents and in some cases staged accidents.

Vehicle Type Minimum Emission Standard Applied to most registrations from
Motorbike Euro 3 Jul 2007
Cars & small vans

Petrol Euro 4
Diesel Euro 6
Jan 2006
Sep 2015
Vans & minibuses

Petrol Euro 4
Diesel Euro 6
Jan 2006
Sep 2016
Lorries, coaches & buses Euro VI Jan 2014

Please note the registration dates shown in the table are approximate and can vary – some manufacturers adopted Euro standards earlier than others; also, manufacturers were allowed to sell some models with lower standards years later than the dates indicated in the table.


Anne Bell

Anne Bell


+44 (0)121 698 5063

Anna McWatters

Anna McWatters


+44 (0) 121 698 5468

Key Contacts

Anna McWatters

Anna McWatters


+44 (0) 121 698 5468

< Back to articles